Arianna Campbell December 28, 2017

Students will read an excerpt from the Now Organization for Women’s Statement of Purpose from 1966. The excerpt is followed by questions that very accurately mimic the reading test on the newly redesigned SAT. An SAT style writing prompt is also included.

This passage, questions and writing prompt are also useful for preparing for any common core language arts assessment.

NOW STATEMENT OF PURPOSE (1966)

We, men and women who hereby constitute ourselves as the National Organization for Women, believe that the time has come for a new movement toward true equality for all women in America, and toward a fully equal partnership of the sexes, as part of the world-wide revolution of human rights now taking place within and beyond our national borders.
The purpose of NOW is to take action to bring women into full participation in the
mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and 10 responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.
We believe the time has come to move beyond the abstract argument, discussion and symposia over the status and special nature of women which has raged in America in recent years; the time has come to confront, with concrete action, the conditions that now prevent women from enjoying the equality of opportunity and freedom of choice which is their right as individual Americans, and as human beings.
NOW is dedicated to the proposition that women first and foremost are human 20 beings, who, like all other people in our society, must have the chance to develop
their fullest human potential. We believe that women can achieve such equality only by accepting to the full the challenges and responsibilities they share with all other people in our society, as part of the decision-making mainstream of American political, economic and social life, medicine, law, religion and every other field of importance in American society….
There is no civil rights movement to speak for women, as there has been for Negroes [African Americans] and other victims of discrimination. The National Organization for Women must therefore begin to speak political rights and responsibilities on behalf of women, as well as for Negroes [African Americans] and other deprived groups….
We organize to initiate or support action, nationally or in any part of this nation, by individuals or organizations, to break through the silken curtain of prejudice and discrimination against women in government, industry, the professions, the churches, the political parties, the judiciary, the labor unions, in education, science,
We believe that the power of American law, and the protection guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution to the civil rights of all individuals, must be effectively applied and enforced to isolate and remove patterns of sex discrimination, to ensure equality of opportunity in employment and education, and equality of civil and

1. In line 16 the word “concrete” most nearly means
A) controversial. B) sexist.
C) real.
D) forceful.
2. According to the passage the primary purpose of NOW is to
A) prove that women are equal to or better than men.
B) change the Constitution to make men and women equal. C) fight for the human rights of all people.
D) establish an equal partnership between men and women.
3. The authors mention African Americans in order to
A) show that women are being treated unfairly.
B) claim that women are deprived of their rights similarly to African Americans. C) argue that there is no civil rights movement for women or African Americans. D) demonstrate that American men are racist.
4. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
A) Lines 19-21 (NOW … potential) B) Lines 26-27 (We … prejudice) C) Line 32 (There … Negroes)
D) Lines 38-41 (to ensure … groups)
5. Using evidence from the passage, explain why NOW in 1966 felt that the time had come for the equality of the sexes.

1. In line 16, the word “concrete” most nearly means
A) controversial. B) sexist.
C) real.
D) forceful.
2. According to the passage the primary purpose of NOW is to
A) prove that women are equal to or better than men.
B) change the Constitution to make men and women equal. C) fight for the human rights of all people.
D) establish an equal partnership between men and women.
3. The authors mention African Americans in order to
A) show that women are being treated unfairly.
B) claim that women are deprived of their rights similarly to African Americans.
C) argue that there is no civil rights movement for women or African Americans. D) demonstrate that American men are racist.

4. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
A) Lines 19-21 (NOW … potential) B) Lines 26-27 (We … prejudice) C) Line 32 (There … Negroes)
D) Lines 38-41 (to ensure … groups)

5. Using evidence from the passage, explain why NOW in 1966 felt that the time had come for the equality of the sexes.
 There is a “world-wide revolution of human rights now taking place within and beyond our national borders”
 There are “conditions that now prevent women from enjoying the equality of opportunity and freedom of choice which is their right as individual Americans, and as human beings.”
 “There is no civil rights movement to speak for women” therefore now is a good time.